Black Vulture Research Links

This is a list of links to black vulture research papers, forums, blogs, videos, and photographs available online. It includes contributions from citizen scientists as well as professionals.

If you are aware of a link that could be included here, please leave a comment on the Live Video of BLVU Nest page.

1. RESEARCH SUMMARY FOR AMERICAN BLACK VULTURES (Coragyps atratus)
This summary is based upon the literature included on this page, with sources cited.
[to be completed]

2. OTHER RESEARCH SUMMARIES FOR AMERICAN BLACK VULTURES (Coragyps atratus)
Many websites feature summaries for black vulture characteristics. Each of the sites listed below includes significant information and/or perspective.

Encyclopedia of Life: American black vultures
USDA: Vultures
Cornell Lab of Ornithology: Black Vultures
Hawk Mountain Sanctuary: Black Vultures
Wikipedia: Black Vultures
National Geographic: Black Vultures
Trek Ohio: Turkey Vultures and Black Vultures
Audubon Guide to North American Birds: Black Vultures
UT Austin Digimorph: Coragyps atratus Black Vultures
Turkey Vulture Society Frequently Asked Questions
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Coragyps atratus
Birdlife International: American Black Vulture Coragyps atratus

3. PUBLISHED RESEARCH PAPERS (By Publication Date)

Black Vulture (Coragyps urubu) Nesting in Maryland (1924)

Black Vulture Nesting in Northern Virginia (1924)
Black Vulture Nesting in Washington Co., Tenn. (1931)
Black Vulture and Duck Hawk Nesting in Maryland (1939)
Black Vulture Breeding in Pennsylvania (1953)
Is the Black Vulture Migratory? (1963)
Results of Banding Studies of the Black Vulture in Eastern North America (1967)
Life Histories of North American Birds of Prey PART 1 (1968)
An Evaluation of Patagial Markers for Cathartid Vultures (1980)
Black Vulture Nesting, Behavior, and Growth (1981)
Population Decline of Black Vultures in North Carolina (1984)
Further Evaluation of Marking Methods for Black and Turkey Vultures (1985)
Predation on Black and Turkey Vultures (1986)
Family Associations in Communally Roosting Black Vultures (1986)
Roost Attendance and Aggression in Black Vultures (1987)
Feeding Habits and Ingestion of Synthetic Products in a Black Vulture Population from Chiapas, Mexico (1987)
Close Nesting of a Black Vulture and a Turkey Vulture (1989)

Age Estimation and Growth of Black and Turkey Vultures (1989)
Black Vultures Nesting on Skyscrapers in Southern Brazil (1991)
Monogamy in black vultures: genetic evidence from DNA fingerprinting (1993)
Black and Turkey Vulture Interactions with Bald Eagles in Florida (1996)
Food Finding and the Influence of Information, Local Enhancement, and Communal Roosting on Foraging Success of North American Vultures (1996)
Behaviors of Nestling and Juvenile Black Vultures in Northwestern Mexico (1998)
Interspecific Competition between Vultures for Preferred Roost Positions (1998)
Fading of Numbers from Patagial Tags: A Potential Problem for Long-Term Studies of
Vultures (1998)

The Current Status of North American Vultures (2000)
Evaluating Relocation as a Vulture Managment Tool InNorth Florida (2000)
Foraging Behavior of Vultures in Central Florida (2000)
Movements of Black Vultures Between Communal Roosts in Florida(2003)
Black Vultures Feeding on Vegetables and Tortoise Dung (2003)
Movements of Black Vultures between Communal Roosts in Florida (2003)
Livestock Depredations by Black Vultures and Golden Eagles (2004)
Home Ranges of Sympatric Black and Turkey Vultures in South Carolina (2004)
Vulture-Cattle Interactions at a Central Florida Ranch (2004)
Behavioral Responses of Avian Scavengers in Different Habitats (2005)
Conservation Status of North America’s Birds of Pray (2006)
Seasonal abundances and distributions of black vultures (Corragyps atratus) and turkey vultures (Cathartes Aura) in Costa Rica and Panama: Evidence for reciprocal migration in the Neotropics. (2007)
Demographics of Black Vultures in North Carolina (2007)
Association of Mycoplasma corogypsi and Polyarthritis in a Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus) in Virginia (2009)
Assessing Allowable Take of Migratory Birds(2009)
Refinement of biomarker pentosidine methodology for use on aging birds(2010)
What do black vultures gain from roosting? (2011)
Anthropogenic features influencing occurrence of Black Vultures (Coragyps atratus) and Turkey Vultures (Cathartes aura) in an urban area in central Amazonian Brazil (2015)
Raptor Identification, Ageing, and Sexing (2015)

4. PUBLISHED ARTICLES (By Date Published)
Center for Human-Wildlife Conflict Resolution in Virginia: Vulture (>1999)
Convergent Evolution (>2008)
Dutch Gap Black Vulture Management (2016)

5. FORUMS & BLOGS
The Vulture Chronicles From Hawk Mountain Sanctuary
RaptorX Forum (Vultures, Owls, Eagles)
Missouri Turkey Vulture Blog (2012)

6. VIDEOS (By Subject)
General:
The Internet Bird Collection of Videos: American Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
Cornell’s Macaulay Library video recordings of black vultures (1995-2014)
Wildscreen Archive video recordings of black vultures

Courting & Mating:
Courting & mating of black vultures in Delaware (2013)
Black Vulture Courting Dance in Virginia (2014)

Hatching:
Hatching sequence of black vulture chicks in Delaware (2012)

Care and Feeding of Chicks:
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 1: Eggs (April 16, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 2: Eggs & adult headshots (April 23, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 3: Chick (April 30, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 4: Chick and adult headshot (May 7, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 5: Chick (May 14, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 6: Chick (May 21, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 7: Chick and adults preening each other (May 28, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 8: Chick with a touch of black (June 4, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 9: Chick with more black (June 11, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 10: Chick and adult headshots (June 18, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 11: Chick about 30% black (June 25, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 12: Chick about 80% black (July 2, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 13: Chick 95% black; headshots (July 9, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 14: Chick 95%+ black (July 16, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 15: Chick 99% black; headshots (July 23, 2012)
DFW Urban Wildlife Nest Update 16: Chick with adults (July 30, 2012)
Day in the life of a black vulture nest (2011)
Black vulture with chick at nest (2012)

Adults Feeding:
Black vultures feeding on a deer carcass at Ocala National Forest in Florida
Black vultures eating a roadkill armadillo (2013)
Black vultures eating a roadkill raccoon (2007)
Black vultures eating a dead cat (2011)
Black vultures eating turtle eggs in the Amazon (2007)
Black vulture feeding on a stork carcass floating down a river (2012)
Black vultures feeding on dead fish and turtle eggs
Black vultures flying and feeding with carcass taken by an alligator
Black vultures feeding and fighting
Black vultures, caracaras and wood storks feeding on newly hatched olive ridley turtles
Black vultures feeding on capybara afterbirth and attacking young capybara
Black vultures scavenging in rubbish dump

Flight:
Black vulture flying in Missouri (1998)
black vultures scavenging in rubbish dump
Black vultures taking flight in slow motion (2013)
Black vultures flying and feeding with carcass taken by an alligator

Sounds:
Black vulture making “woofing” sounds in Florida (2010)
Black vultures feeding on dead fish and turtle eggs
Black vultures feeding and fighting

Range:
Flock of black vultures feeding on a deer carcass in Connecticut (2012)
Black vulture making “woofing” sounds in Florida (2010)
Flock of black vultures in Brazil (2010)
Flock of black vultures in Peru (2012)

Miscellaneous behavior:
Black vultures vandalizing vehicles (2015)
Cows defending calf from black vultures (2011)
The other black vultures

7. PHOTOGRAPHS (By Subject)
General:
The Internet Bird Collection of Photos: American Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
Photobucket photos of black vultures and other vultures

8. SOUNDS:
The Internet Bird Collection of Sounds: American Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
Cornell’s Macaulay Library audio recordings for black vultures (1961-2009)

7. BIRDING & BIRD RESCUE ORGANIZATIONS HEADQUARTERED IN DELAWARE
Tri-State Bird Rescue & Research
American Birding Association
Delmarve Ornithological Society

8. VULTURE NESTCAMS WORLDWIDE (By Commencement of Camera Operation)
Black Vulture Conservation Foundation: Eurasian Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus) nest in Majorca┬┤s Serra Tramuntana mountains. (2007)
Tri-State Bird Rescue & Research: American Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus) nest in Northern Delaware (2011-2016)
Carton & Hird: Marshall, Missouri Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) nest (2012-2016)
Ventana Wildlife Society: California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus) nest (2015-2016)
Cornell Lab of Ornithology: California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus) nest (2016)